Information about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): This is an alteration in the balance of the hormones involved in ovulation. It is suspected in cases in which several of the following characteristics occur:

- Clinical signs: Irregular cycles with more spaced out, unpredictable periods and an increase in the signs of hyperandrogenism in the skin (acne, greasy skin, hirsutism = an excess of body hair)

- Analytical signs: An imbalance between the FSH and LH ovulation hormones (LH / FSH ratio > 2) in analysis carried out immediately after the start of menstruation (2nd or 3rd day)

- Ultrasound signs: Specific appearance of the ovaries in ultrasound examinations (increase in the size of the ovaries with small follicles in corona formation)

The treatment for this condition is different for patients who are not trying to get pregnant compared to those who are trying for a baby.

In the first case the prescription and use of contraceptive pills allows the cycle to be regulated and minimises the androgynous effects on the skin. The pill should be prescribed after a consultation and a full medical examination to rule out any risk factors with this medication.

For patients who are trying for a baby an anatomical normality study should be carried out (uterus and fallopian tubes), along with a current hormonal analysis and the seminal quality of the patient's partner should also be assessed. If everything is as it should be simple medical treatment to be taken orally can be started, (Clomifene Citrate) which activates the ovarian cycle and enables natural pregnancy in 50% of cases. However, it is advisable to monitor, through regular ultrasound checks, the ovarian response and to control the risk of multiple pregnancy. In cases where pregnancy is not achieved after 5 or 6 cycles, or no ovarian response is achieved with the treatment, injectable hormones (FSH) are administered, in small doses, to stimulate ovarian activity.

In these cases it is essential to check the intensity of the response, and this requires an experienced professional.

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Information about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
This is an alteration in the balance of the hormones involved in ovulation. It is suspected in cases in which several of the following characteristics occur...
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